What Do You Know about Romanesque Architecture?
As the name implies - Romanesque architecture is based from Roman architectural elements of medieval Europe. The signature style of the period is the rounded Roman arch as well as the pairing of two arched windows separated by a pillar and often set within a larger arch. The style can be found across the ancient Roman Empire ruins and while the period is mostly known for it's churches, many castles were also built with similar stylistic features. Below, we take a look at some of the best examples from the Romanesque architectural period.
The Gloucester Cathedral formally called the Cathedral Church of St Peter and the Holy and Indivisible Trinity, has underwent multiple renovations since its first formation in 678 or 679 as a foundation dedicated to Saint Peter. The most recent construction that took place in September of 2016 was an effort to reduce the Church of England's carbon emissions which consequently made is the oldest building in the world to have undergone a solar installation.
Abbaye Sainte- Trinite de Lessay - Lessay, France
Like most architecture of the period, the church was destroyed in 1944, however, by the beginning of 1945, the church became an exemplary restoration project. The architecture attests to the xIth century and is known as being one of the purest among the Romanesque works located in Normandy. Presently the church is privately owned and can not be visited.
Maria Laach Abbey - Glees, Germany
Acting as an example of a masterpiece of German Romanesque architecture, the Maria Laach Abbey features open arches, slender columns, and small Romanesque windows high in the nave and in the two side aisles.
Iglesia de San Millán Church - Segovia, Spain
With the three naves and three apses, the church presents itself as a typical 12th-century Romanesque architectural work. The church also has exemplifies additional influences in the design such as the Caliphate-style vaulting and decorations which suggests inspiration from Islamic architecture.
Ruvo di Puglia Cathedral - Ruvo di Puglia, Italy
Acting as a prime example of Apulian Romanesque architecture, the cathedral features a facade that has three portals and rose windows.
Romanesque Architecture Today
Today many iconic national monuments have been noted as having influence from Romanesque architecture. Some of them include The Arc de Triomphe, the Place Vendome, and arguably the most famous American structure exemplifying the style - the White House. Due to the numerous high profile architectural works being influences by Romanesque architecture, it's predicated that it will continue to have an influence on architecture well into the future.
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